Melanoma: how to perform a self-examination

26 June 2017
Melanoma is a skin cancer that - if detected in time - is perfectly healable. Early diagnosis is easy and immediate: just look at your skin regularly. Following a step by step procedure to perform self-examination.

Early diagnosis is the best weapon to drastically improve prognosis;"slimmer" the melanoma, higher the chances of survival and healing. In this perspective, it is very important that every individual undergoes, as well as regular dermatological check ups, a periodic and accurate self-examination of the skin, evaluating their own moles on the basis of the ABCDE rule.

A = Asymmetry

The presence of an irregular shape showing half of it different from the other, lays for an atypical mole

B = Borders

Moles with irregular edges, indented, jagged, need attention

C = Color

If the color of the mole is uneven with coexistence or subsequent appearance of clear, black, red or white areas, the lesion must be subjected to the specialist's control

D = Dimensions

Moles with a diameter greater than 6 mm are worthy of dermatological evaluation

E = Evolution

Moles that change from the initial appearance in size, shape or color should be promptly reported to the dermatologist


For a careful and correct self examina6tion you must stand in front of a mirror and:

1) Examine the front and back of your body then the left and right sides with raised arms

2) Fold your elbows and watch your forearms and hands carefully

3) Look at the backs of the thighs and legs, then look at the feet including the plant and the spaces between fingers

4) Using a mirror carefully check the back of the neck, the scalp (moving the hair) and the ears

5) Finally carefully check your buttocks and genitals always by using a mirror





LILT Lega Italiana per la Lotta contro i Tumori - Sezione Provinciale di Bologna
Via Turati, 67 - 40134 Bologna • Tel. 051 4399148 • Fax. 051 4390409 • email: segreteria@legatumoribologna.it | CF: 92049200378
LILT Lega Italiana per la Lotta contro i Tumori - Sezione Provinciale di Bologna
Via Turati, 67 - 40134 Bologna • Fax. 051 4390409 • CF: 92049200378 051 4399148 segreteria@ legatumoribologna.it
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